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ANSWERS --- How much do you know about coal and climate change?

1.  Since 1978 the number of jobs in America’s coal industry has declined by around _____.

a.   25%                                                                                        b.   50%    
c.   75%                                                                                        d.   almost 100%


b      According to Bloomberg News (June 2014):  "Between 1978, when the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration started collecting data, and 2013, the U.S. shed more than 132,000 coal jobs, or nearly 52 percent of its workforce, according to MSHA data."


2.  Since 1978 the amount of coal produced in the United States

 a.  has declined around 25%                                                     b.  has declined around 50%
 c.  has stayed relatively the same                                             d.  has increased almost 50%


d      According to the same Bloomberg News report:  "In the same period, U.S. coal production jumped almost 47 percent."



3.  In 1950, the average coal miner produced .76 short tons in one hour.  By 2010 (sixty years later), the average coal miner was how much more productive?

 a.  around 50% more productive  (1.1 short tons/hour)
 b.  twice as productive (1.5 short tons/hour)
 c.  four times as productive (3.2 short tons/hour)
 d.  over 7 times more productive (5.6 short ton/hour)


d      These statistics were taken from the United States Energy Information Agency.  Note – the number of coal jobs declined significantly for a number of reasons including increased mechanization and different methods of extraction (mountaintop removal) -  both of which make the average coal miner more productive.


4.  From January through June of 2014 (the most recent data available), which country imported the most coal from the United States?

 a.  Brazil                                                                                     b.  Germany
 c.  Netherlands                                                                           d.  China


c     These statistics were taken from the United States Energy Information Agency. The Netherlands was first, Germany was eighth, Brazil was fourth, and China was 14th.  Last March, a Michael Myer Sunday column claimed that Germany was 1st. The misrepresentation was then repeated a number of times afterwards.


5.  Who said the following during the 2008 presidential campaign:  "It doesn't matter whether we call it 'climate change' or 'global warming.’ Among environmental dangers it is surely the most serious of all."  (Hint: this candidate then proposed a cap-and-trade plan for carbon emissions.)

 a.  Republican John McCain                                                      b.  Republican Mitt Romney
 c.  Democrat Barack Obama                                                     d.  Democrat Hillary Clinton


a     John McCain.  As I wrote back in April, its just another indication of how reactionary the Republican Party has become.



6.  According to a Wall Street Journal/NBC News poll taken last June, what fraction of Americans now support new EPA rules limiting carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants.

a.  1/4 of all Americans                                                                 b.  1/3 of all Americans
c.  1/2 of all Americans                                                                 d.  2/3 of all Americans


d     Here are the results of that WSJ/NBC News Poll:


7.  A majority of which party (Democratic or Republican) supports state level limits on greenhouse gas emissions?

a.  Democratic     
b.  Republican  
c.  actually, a majority of both parties support limits
d.  actually, in neither party is there a majority which support limits


c
   The June 2 Washington Post-ABC News poll concluded:  "Democrats and Republicans are in rare agreement on the issue. Fifty-seven percent of Republicans, 76 percent among independents and 79 percent of Democrats support state-level limits on greenhouse gas emissions."



8.  In a Washington Post-ABC News poll people were asked whether we should go forward with limits that significantly lowered green gas emissions even if they "raised your monthly energy expenses by 20 dollars a month." In which party does a majority support lowered emissions even if their energy bill goes up?

a.  Democratic     
b.  Republican  
c.  actually, a majority of both parties support limits even if energy expenses go up by $20 a month
d.  actually, in neither party is there a majority which support limits


c     The same poll as #7 found that "63 percent of respondents say yes, including 51 percent of Republicans, 64 percent of independents and 71 percent of Democrats."



9.  The citizens of which country in the world most agree with this statement:  The climate change we are currently seeing is largely the result of human activity?

a.  China                                                                                         b.  India    
c.  Sweden                                                                                      d.  United States


10.  The citizens of which country in the world most disagree with this statement:  The climate change we are currently seeing is largely the result of human activity?

a.  China                                                                                          b.  India    
c.  Sweden                                                                                       d.  United States

9 and 10.  For #9 the answer is a (China) and for #10 the answer is d (United States).  The poll data is from Ipsos MORI.


As was noted at the time, the bottom three have a couple of obvious things in common: they speak English and, perhaps more importantly, Fox News is the primary source of news for a large segment of their population.


SCORING (based upon the couple of people that have taken the quiz):

8-10   outstanding
6-7     above average
3-5     average
1-2     below average
0        awful  (Since Wheeling "newspapers" ignored or mischaracterized most of the above, you might want to consider reading other sources for coal and climate news and you definitely need to cut back on your Fox News viewing.)
 


 
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